The Schwarz Kennels

and the Dire Wolf Project

Buying a Dire Wolf







 

The Dire Wolf Program

Dire Wolves do NOT EXSIST!    They went Extinct about 11,000 years ago.   They are no longer on the face of the Earth as they once were. They EVOLVED.. 

   The Dire Wolf Program RECREATES the exact bone measurements of the Dire Wolves per the Bones found in the La Brea Tar Pits. A thousand of Dire Wolf and Sabre-tooth Tiger fossils have been found in The La Brea Tar Pits of Los Angeles. Not only did they share the same habitat and possibly hunt the same prey Dire Wolves were approximately 5-6 feet long and weighed around 125-150 pounds. 


    You can not buy a Dire Wolf but you can get very close to having one if you buy a pup from the Schwarz Kennels in White City, Oregon. They breed to the exact measurements of the dire wolf bones. How? Friend Lois Schwarz on Facebook then message her about your desire to purchase one of her dogs.

What does a Dire Wolf look like ?

   No one knows what a dire wolf looks like. There is no DNA to tell us what color the Dire Wolf is, nor how soft or wirey the coat was. 
   So, most folks on this planet in this day and age, associate the only thing they know of to the dire wolf and that is the wolves of today. If you have fallen into that trap, Stop it...  

The Epicyon was one of the largest true prehistoric dogs to ever live in North America. They lived approximately 15 to 5 million years ago – from the Middle through Late Miocene Periods.

Epicyon "More than a dog" was first named by Joseph Leidy in 1858 as a subgenus of Canis. It was also mentioned as belonging to Aelurodontina by William Diller Matthew & Stirton in 1930.

   Later studies indicates that it was not a species of Canis, but a borophagine.

   Kind of looks like a big cat and may have been thought to be as such, living here in what would some day be the United States.

   "The Borophaginae is the largest of the three subfamilies of the dog family Canidae, with some 66 species.
  
   Not surprisingly, this extensive radiation of canids includes a diverse array of dietary types,ranging from hypocarnivorous to hypercarnivorous and durophagous.
   The last 16 m.y. of borophagine history is dominated by hypercarnivorous forms that were the dominant doglike predators within their faunas. Because of their relatively robust skeletons and their resemblance to extant hyenas in craniodental morphology, many or most of these hypercarnivorous species, particularly those of the late Miocene and Pliocene, have been assumed as primarily scavengers rather than hunters.

   The classification of most hypercarnivorous borophagines as scavengers relegates them to much less important roles in the ecology and evolution of their respective communities than does a classification as hunters.

   Unlike hunters, scavengers are unlikely to influence the evolution of the animals they eat, and are expected to exist at relatively low densities as do the only extant scavenging carnivorans, brown (Parahyaena brunnea) and striped hyenas (Hyaena hyaena).
   
   Given the substantial fossil record of the Borophaginae, it seems unlikely that all or most of the hypercarnivorous forms were primarily scavengers. Moreover, if some hunted, the larger species might be expected to have done so in groups, as large canids hunt in packs today.

   Here we examine possible foraging modes within the Borophaginae using morphometrics and two new approaches to estimating the typical prey size of extinct carnivores.
   The craniodental morphology of the Borophaginae is compared with that of the living Caninae and Hyaeninae (hyaenids exclusive of Proteles cristata, the aardwolf) based on measurements that reflect relative tooth size, jaw muscle leverage, rigidity of the dentary, and grinding versus slicing function of the teeth.
   The Borophaginae are found to be intermediate in morphology between the Caninae and Hyaeninae. Unlike hyaenids and like canines, they retain substantial postcarnassial molars. However, like hyaenids, the borophagines had significantly stronger jaws and enhanced jaw muscle leverage compared to other canids.
   
   Prey size is estimated for borophagines based on correlation between dentary height and typical prey size in living canids. These results are compared with those produced using a recently published energetic model that predicts that all carnivores larger than about 21 kg feed on prey as large or larger than themselves.
   The methods provide similar predictions, resulting in a list of 11 borophagines (all subtribes Aelurodontina and Borophagina) that probably consumed large prey.

   Comparisons with extant hyaenids reveal that the sole hunter of large prey, the spotted hyena (Crocuta), differs from the two mainly scavenging species, the brown and striped hyenas, in being significantly larger, more abundant, and widespread. Moreover, morphometric comparisons indicate that spotted hyenas have a more hypercarnivorous dentition." 
http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/bitstream/handle/2246/447/B279a07.pdf;jsessionid=67EFB7221B717601C13B864CDE327EB6?sequence=20

    It's head is shaped kind of like a big cat but this is the Dire Wolf before it evolved into the Dire Wolf. Also  the grandfather to the hyenas and wolves.
   Approximately 5-6 feet long and weighed around 500 pounds. Think of a lioness. We  dont  know  how this animal lived or what it ate but it also had a powerful set of jaws just like the Dire Wolf.

Lois Drew this photo from looking at the Dire Wolf skull.

    Lois Schwarz has been Breeding, Training, Grooming, Showing and studying all animals for over 50 years. She has studied Biology and Evolution of animals since childhood. Lois understands Gods breeding plan(TM) and how it works to survive life and the earths elements.

   The time of the earth in the Dire wolf age, the flowers, folage, weeds, rocks, dirt, and all the other animals in that time, were NOT like it is today. Birds were plentiful and filled the skies so thick that they would block out the sun. Grass so tall, Trees so giant, mud, humidity, quicksand, you name it. Animals back then needed to be camaflaged and to fit into their enviroment in order to survive.


Canis armbrusteri
 Gidley 1913 (canine)
Osteichthyes - Carnivora - Canidae
PaleoDB taxon number: 44827
Full reference: J. W. Gidley. 1913. Preliminary report on a recently discovered Pleistocene cave deposit near Cumberland, Maryland. Proceedings of The United States National Museum 46:93-102
Belongs to Canis according to R. H. Tedford et al. 2009

Type specimen: USNM 7662, a mandible. Its type locality is Cumberland Cave, which is in an Irvingtonian cave horizon in Maryland.

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore-omnivore

Environments: terrestrial (8 collections), cave (2), fluvial (1), sinkhole (1)

Average measurements (in mm): m1 30.6 x 12.5

Age range: 1.8 to 0.012 Ma

Distribution:
• Quaternary of United States (16: Arkansas, Florida, Kansas, Maryland, New Mexico, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texascollections)
• Blancan of United States (1: Arizona)
Total: 17 collections including 18 occurrences

Armbruster's wolf (Canis armbrusteri) is an extinct species of the genus Canis that was endemic to North America and lived during the Irvingtonian stage of the Pleistocene epoch (1.8 Mya—300,000 years ago). It is notable because it is proposed as the ancestor of one of the most famous prehistoric carnivores in North America, the dire wolf (Canis dirus), it was suggested to be much larger than the dire wolf and the grey wolf, weighing about 70 Kg, and was probably a solitary hunter.

Taxonomy
Canis armbrusteri was named by James W. Gidley in 1913. The first fossils were uncovered at Cumberland Bone Cave, Maryland, in an Irvingtonian terrestrial horizon. Fossil distribution is widespread throughout the United States.
Middle Pleistocene in North America, the North American wolves became larger, with tooth specimens indicating that C. priscolatrans diverged into the large wolf C. armbrusteri. 

R. A. Martin disagreed, and believed that C. armbrusteri was C. lupus. 

Ronald M. Nowak disagreed with Martin and proposed that C. armbrusteri was not related to C. lupus but C. priscolatrans, which then gave rise to C. dirus. 

Richard H. Tedford proposed that the South American C. gezi and C. nehringi share dental and cranial similarities developed for hypercarnivory, suggesting C. armbrusteri was the common ancestor of C. gezi, C. nehringi and C. dirus. 

Based on morphology from China, the Pliocenewolf C. chihliensis may have been the ancestor for both C. armbrusteri and C. lupus before their migration into North America. 

C. armbrusteri appeared in North America in the Middle Pleistocene and is a wolf-like form larger than any Canis at that time.

The three noted paleontologists X. Wang, R. H. Tedford and R. M. Nowak have all proposed that C. dirus had evolved from C. armbrusteri, with Nowak stating that there were specimens from Cumberland Cave, Maryland that indicated C. armbrusteri diverging into C. dirus. 

The two taxa share a number of characteristics (synapomorphy), which suggests an origin of dirus in the late Irvingtonian in the open terrain in the midcontinent, and then later expanding eastward and displacing armbrusteri.


    Do you think a soft coat or a harsh coat would have worked?  
    Do you think a soft dog or a hard dog would have survived?
    Do you think a white colored dog would be hidden in the forest?  or a black dog in the snow?

(Anastasia of Vallecito Dire Wolf Program)




   This is not rocket science. Long coats would be caught on trees and shrubs and short coats would not protect from harsh weather. 




    What Lois has done is to put everything together to come up with the CORRECT Dire Wolf look, not what the average person today might think a Dire Wolf would look like.

    Study the facts and you will find that Lois Schwarz is RIGHT ON !






Schwarz dogs are NOT working dogs

Books by Lois E. Schwarz