The Schwarz Kennels

and the Dire Wolf Project

The beginning of a new breed of small companion dogs

Standards of the breed 'Schwarz Vulpes Dog'

General Appearance:
     The Companion Vulpes dog is a small to medium sized FOX looking dog that stands calm and alert. He possesses a medium dense bone, a broad stature, and an impressive foxy looking head.      His look includes that of a bit of secrecy and a wildness in his slanted yellow-eyed stare. He is aware of his surroundings and calmly alert. He is well balanced and a lot longer than he is tall.        Exhibiting a unique combination of a fox-like appearance and a calm, gentle disposition, his soundness of mind and body gives the impression of stability and loyalty. His tail is his crown of glory.

Character
  The Companion Vulpes Dog is fearless but never hostile, moving slowly in a sleek manner sniffing the air currents. He is self-confident, poised and inquisitive, but may possess a certain aloofness that does not lend itself to immediate friendships. He should never be timid or nervous, but hold a more solid and laidback temperament of curiosity. He should be approachable, quietly standing with confidence and willingness.

  Developed solely for companionship, he is not a working or herding dog and does not possess high prey drive or the extreme willingness to work or do work. He does possess a strong desire to be close to his master. Therefore, he cannot and does not wander or roam.

As a puppy, this breed is tends to be more 'mature' than most puppies. Very loving with a tendency to get as close to his owner’s body as possible a lover of the human lap.

Sound
   The Schwarz Vulpes Dog has a high yip tone. Barking is very infrequent and they do NOT have a tendency to whine. . Some may yip at the moon.

Serious Faults: Elaborate barking for no reason is a serious fault.

Size, Proportion, Substance

Size: The height at the highest point of the withers should be no shorter than 12 inches in males and 10 inches in females. Dogs may reach as tall as 20 inches in males and 18 inches in females. The weight is always heavier than they look due to the large bones, with a minimum weight of 10 pounds in males and 9 pounds in females. Males can get up to 50 lbs and females up to 48 lbs, though the average weight should be 30-40 lbs or there abouts.

Proportion: The length of the Schwarz Vulpes Dog is longer than tall. He is a balanced dog with a solid structure. The overall length of this breed is to be measured from the chest bone to the tip of the tail. The length of the body should be as long as the tail though the tail might be a few inches shorter. 16 inches body length and 12-14 inches tail length or there abouts.

Substance: The Schwarz Vulpes Dog is a dog of considerable substance, which is determined by a broad back, chest, and thigh area, with strong muscle.

Serious Faults: a shallow chest, and/or a thin chest or rump are serious faults

Head
    The skull of a Schwarz Vulpes Dog is very broad and large sloping slightly from between the yellow eyes down to the deep black nose, closely resembling the Red Fox. The head is of distinctive importance, as it is this head that holds the Foxy look and yellow-eyed stare.
The head is broad and deep, never thin or small in proportion to the body. 
This head must rest on a large, short, thick neck and must be held parallel with the ground almost on a level with the shoulders and the back.
The Schwarz Vulpes Dog should have a short coat of hair on the head and face. The coat should begin to lengthen as it starts down the neck to the shoulders where the hair is the longest.

The skull is measured from the point of the stop to the far most point of the occiput. From the occiput to the stop should be 4-6 inches.  It is slightly flat and rounded, never domed, gradually narrowing and flattening as it approaches the eyes. The stop is non exsistant and should slope gently from the eyes down to the muzzle.

Muzzle: His muzzle should small in comparison to the skull, the lips should be close fitting and deep black in color with small pointed white teeth. From the stop between the eyes to the front teeth should be 4.5 to 6 inches.
The upper and lower jaws should be broadest in the back with his sharp razar teeth closing in a scissors bite. The total muzzle should be slightly longer than the head is deep. The circumference of the muzzle should be between 6 to 9 inches.

Eyes: His eyes are an almond shape, medium to small, and set obliquely. Light eyes are preferred with colors ranging from yellow to light brown and orange that gives him the unique Foxie stare. The eyes should have a look of deep black eyeliner around the eye and out from the outer corners of the eyes.

Ears: His ears are triangular in shape and slightly rounded at the tips. They are set wide apart and set on the outside back edges of the skull. The ears are wedge-shaped, erect and large in comparison to the head as well as tipped with deep black hairs to form an outline around the ear. When alerted his ears turn forward. When shamed his ears will turn sideways and lay back along the sides of the skull. From the inside of the skull to the tip of the ear should not be less than 5 inches in length.

Teeth: 42 in number, 20 upper and 22 lower, the teeth are strong and sharp and come together in a scissors bite in which part of the inner surface of the upper incisors meet and engage part of the outer surface of the lower incisors. The jaw should never be over or undershot.

Serious Faults: A large round eye is a serious fault, as is a small, refined head, dark eyes, or a long narrow muzzle.

Neck, Topline, Body

Neck: The neck is robust, well muscled, strong and powerful. The carriage of the head is forward and in line or slightly higher than the shoulders, never held high with extended reach or propulsion.

Topline: The topline is level from the back of the withers to the croup but a high croup is acceptable. The back is solid, broad, and muscular. When gated, the back should remain level, with the dog seeming to float across the ground.

Body: The chest is broad. The rib cage is well sprung and of sufficient depth to reach below the elbows. The back and loin are broad and strong. The tail is an extension of the body and comes out from the top of the croup. The impression is solid and well-built.

Serious Faults: Short tail

Forequarters
Shoulders: The shoulders should be slightly sloping, wide apart, without any tendency to looseness of shoulders. The shoulders are well muscled, and lie close to the body. They may be slightly more pronounced and therefore slightly taller than the straight level of the topline.

Forelegs: The leg bones are straight to the pasterns, which are medium to long and strong being bent only slightly. The black coloring may extend upward from the pads into the leg and even up into the chest. When trotting, the forelegs should come together in the middle of the body, making tracks within tracks on the ground.

Front Feet: The feet are cat like with well-arched toes. The pads on the bottom of the feet are black as well as thick and tough. They should have black toenails.

Hindquarters
The Schwarz Vulpes Dog's rear assembly is muscular, and somewhat heavily boned. Viewed from the rear, the legs are straight and parallel. Viewed from the side, the thighs are fairly long. His stifles are moderately bent. His hocks should be set wide apart.

Rear Legs: The legs of the Schwarz Vulpes Dog must indicate a light footedness. When viewed from the rear, the hind legs come straight down from the hips to the ground.

Hind Feet: The feet cat like with compact toes, well-arched pads. He is sure footed even when stalking. The pads of the feet are always dark in pigmentation. The imprints of this dog are again, cat like and when running the imprints may be placed on top of the others.

Tail: The tail should reach the ground and when running it should be an extension of the body. Longer is more acceptable than shorter. The tail should be wide at the root, tapering to the end. The tail should be well furred, hanging down when at rest and not curved. The tail should never hide under the body or between the legs in a gesture of fear or discomfort. He may carry his tail high when excited yet never curling tightly and never curled over the back. A straight tail is the ideal.

Serious Faults: Rear legs too close together



Coat
There are almost two distinct types of coat on the same dog depending on the weather.


Winter Coat:

The outer coat is moderately coarse (harsh) and thicker during the winter months. It should not be too long, but moderately dense, slightly oily and slightly woolly with the thickest and longest fur around the neck. The winter coat is the prize of any fur trapper as it is full and thick.

Fault in the winter coat: too long



Summer Coat:
The coat is shorter and thinner during the summer months as the undercoat almost entirely sheds out. The head, inner ears, face, legs and paws should be covered with short hair.

Serious Faults: Faults in coat include: too long outer coat, too woolly, too much undercoat and/or curly
 
Shedding: This breed sheds heavy during the longer days of the years cycle. Usually beginning to shed in May or June. Shedding takes about a month and ALL undercoat is shed completely out leaving only the top coat. The dog will appear darker in color and much thinner because of the complete loss of the undercoat.

Shedding will begin at the hocks, legs and rear of the dog. The soft lighter colored undercoat will die out and will be seen as clumps of hanging fur caught up in the dogs coat. This shedding will make the dog itchy and he/she may rub up against trees, bushes or kennel wire to remove this undercoat. The owner can help the breed shed by using a wide tooth comb and combing only the dead or loose undercoat out as the dogs coat is shedding on the different sections of his body.

The next section of the body to shed its undercoat is the belly and up into the back or top line and the tail. This section will take about two days to fully come out and may linger as you continue to comb out the undercoat every other day.

The front legs , chest and back of the neck are the next to come out and the last is the throat area.

This process is a slow one and an owner needs to realize this and may help by combing once a week or once every other day.
Once all the undercoat is gone, no shedding is left and the dog is practically shed free. The undercoat will come back in and thicken the dog up with the shorter days of September and October.

There are no health or mental concerns and your dog should be his normal everyday self. This breed sleeps mostly during the afternoon heat and is most active in the very early mornings and late evenings.

Color and Markings

   Noses always remain black and the skin should be dark in pigmentation. Ears are outlined in black as well as the tip of the tail. Muzzles can be white or cream. All muzzles lighten with the years, but the nose should always remain black no matter the color of the muzzle. The color of the dog should never, ever be judged over character, temperament or conformation!

Coat Color and Markings
The Schwarz Vulpes Dog varies in color, but the black silver sable is the most desirable. Colors are as follows:

Gray fox Silver/Sable: Preferred over all other colors. Dark tips on a lot of the guard hairs, tips of the ears, eye liner markings, dark tipped tail, dark v on the neck and a marked scent gland. The muzzle may be slightly lighter than the dark muzzle giving the dog a wolf like appearance. This dog will end up looking very wolfy.

Gray smokey Sable: A tad darker than the wolf gray silver. Has a dark muzzle, may have dark leggins. Black leggins are unique and are a reverse of the cream legs of some coyotes and wolves. Black leggins are seen on some foxes.

Silver fox Sable: The undercoat is the lightest in color (or non color). Kind of white or silver. The tips of the coat, ears, muzzle may not be very dark and may be sparse. This silver gray is lighter than the wolf gray silver.

Golden Sable: The undercoat shows a soft red/creaminess and the color on the guard hairs is also more reddish/yellow. The dark points are black

Tri Sable: Showing gold and silver with cream legs and undercoat. All three colors being pretty even across the body.
Tri Sable Golden Gray: Is a three color dog (Tri) that is predominately Golden Sable, but may have a silver gray face and some gray colors within the golden body, on the shoulders and around the neck. The undercoat is not as light as a silver sable as the Golden's have more of the cream/reddish undercoat. It is darker than the silvers or grays and sports the red/ylw gene slightly.

Tri Silver Sable: The dog you see will have three basic colors but the silver will be what you will see the most of. The body of the dog is basically a silver, where the head would have some gold, probably behind the ears. The legs may not be as cream as the silver sable, and may show the red or yellow pigmentation on some parts of the legs.

Black Silver Sable: This is the darkest black sable can get yet still classified as a sable. The black on each guard coat is dark and prominent. The black muzzle goes up the face and the leggins may be dark going up the foot and ankle. If this dog has black full leggins it would be described as such on the paperwork or in the color definition.

Silver: A very light dog. The tips of the guard hairs are not a deep black nor are there many of them. This dog has a cream to silver or white muzzle. Has a slight v on the neck of gray. All points on this dog are light in color or gray. This dog is almost a solid and may not appear to be a sable but the guard hairs are banded.

Platenum: is a white silver

Platenum gold: is a white golden sable

Golden pearl: is a white with gold highlights

Pearl: is white with cream

Mahogany: is a doark dorsal with red ticking sable

Brown: is a light black hybrid washed out dorsal

Glow: is a black dorsla and dark red sable

Solid Cream: This is not a sable dog but is solid cream color, almost a white. If this dog has a black muzzle, ear tips, eye liner and tip of the tail, it would be recorded as "with blk/points".

Any Other Solids: These are not sables and do not have banded guard hairs.

Notes: Solid colored dogs are discouraged in our breeding plans only because we strive toward the look of the Wolf or an Agouti (banded) guard hair.
    When describing color on animals, the major color or main color, is always placed first. Like ingredients listed on a product, (in describing the color of any object,) the major color of the object is listed first. This is the main color of the dogs’ total body
    
 


Schwarz dogs are NOT working dogs

Books by Lois E. Schwarz